, :

1) - (University of Michigan's Consumer Sentiment Index);
2) Conference Board - (Consumer Confidence Index);
ABC News and Money - .



. 13.5. ,

( 6 12 ) - , , .. / :

1) 100 + % - % ;
2) / ( + );
- (4- ).

( , ) - .
; , - recovery expansion. , : , , .. ( , 1987 ., 1991 ., ..)